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Using the Farmer Feedback Report for decision making

Using the Farmer Feedback Report for sustainability improvements

Bord Bia has collaborated with Teagasc to examine the Farmer Feedback Report and carbon footprint of two Signpost Farms, dairy farmers John and Brendan Walsh, and beef farmer Jarlath Ruane.

What is the Farmer Feedback Report?

After each Bord Bia audit, all certified dairy and beef farmers receive a Farmer Feedback Report from Bord Bia with their farm’s carbon footprint as well as an assessment of farm productivity, nutrient management, grassland management, and farm safety.

The report also includes the percentage share of carbon emissions on the farm by source:

  • animal digestion
  • manure
  • fertiliser
  • forage/feed production
  • other (e.g. transport, fuel, etc.)

The report includes advice based upon actions set out in the Teagasc Marginal Abatement Cost Curve (MACC). It is posted to the farmer within approximately one week of certification of the audit and can also be downloaded from

John and Brendan Walsh

Father and son team, John and Brendan, are milking 132 cows, achieving milk solids per cow of 539kg.  John had his last audit in September 2020: “We take care in completing the sustainability survey [before the audit] because we need to ensure that we have an accurate figure for the carbon footprint to benchmark progress year-on-year and against other farmers.”

In John’s case, the carbon footprint was 0.79kg CO2 equivalent per kg of fat and protein corrected milk. This is 1% lower than it was in 2019 and 19% lower than dairy farms of a similar scale.

Fifty-five percent of the emissions on the farm are from animal digestion, up 2% from the previous audit. The average for dairy farms of a similar scale is 49%. Fertiliser use contributes to 17% of emissions, compared to 16% for the average dairy farms of similar scale.

John met with his adviser Kevin Barron and programme adviser Grainne Hurley and decided on a plan of action to reduce emissions further on the farm.

Some of the actions that are currently being taken include:

  • White clover has been incorporated into the swards on the milking block. They currently have five paddocks that have received no chemical nitrogen (N) since May.
  • All slurry is spread using Low Emission Slurry Spreading (LESS). The farm has invested in a dribble bar.
  • Protected urea fertiliser is being used on the farm.
  • Red clover has been sown on the outside blocks for silage.

Jarlath Ruane

Jarlath Ruane runs a dairy calf-to-beef enterprise near Claremorris, Co Mayo. Jarlath’s footprint was 8.11kg CO2 equivalents per kilogram of beef liveweight in 2020. This had not changed since 2018, but is almost 12% lower than the average for dairy calf-to-beef farms.

Forty eight percent of Jarlath’s emissions come from animal digestion (methane) with 27% coming from manure, 7% from fertiliser, 3% from forage and feed and 15% coming from other activities including transport.

The key actions that Jarlath is taking to reduce his carbon footprint include:

  • Incorporating clover into new reseeds to reduce chemical N usage.
  • Increasing usage of protected urea on-farm, replacing CAN-based products.
  • Concentrating on calf health and grassland management to increase carcase weight of each animal.
  • Putting plans in place to convert to LESS.
  • Maximising silage quality in order to reduce meal requirements of young cattle, stores and finishing cattle.

Signpost Programme

There are 103 Signpost demonstration farmers participating in the Signpost Programme. Signpost farmers are central to the programme and will be the early adopters of the various technologies to reduce GHG emissions from agriculture. The learnings from these farms will be communicated to all farmers through Teagasc and the programme partners. See for more information on the programme, its partners, and the demonstration farmers. You’ll also find range of resources including articles, webinars, podcasts, monthly climate actions, and videos.